Photos: A Space Shuttle Called 'Enterprise'.
The nine-month-long ALT program was conducted from February through November 1977 at the Dryden Flight Research Facility and demonstrated that the orbiter could fly in the atmosphere and land like an airplane, except without power-gliding flight.
All orbiter systems were activated as they would be in atmospheric flight.The shuttle replaced Enterprise, a prototype orbiter used only for landing tests, which is now set to be flown up the Eastern Seaboard to New York City next week.On March 13, 1978, the Enterprise was ferried atop the SCA to nasa's Marshall Space Flight Center, where it was mated with the external tank and solid rocket boosters and subjected to a series of vertical ground vibration tests.It was ferried back to nasa's Dryden Flight Research Facility on Aug.At Launch Complex 39-A, the Enterprise served as a practice and launch complex fit-check verification tool representing the flight vehicles.Four sister ships joined the fleet over the next 10 years: Challenger, arriving in 1982 but destroyed four years later; Discovery, 1983; Atlantis, 1985; and.Enterprise, the first Space Shuttle Orbiter, was originally to be named Constitution (in honor of the.S.Update for.m.In the first four such flights the landing was on a dry lake bed; in the fifth, the landing was on Edwards' main concrete runway under conditions simulating a return from space.The Enterprise was built as a test vehicle and is not equipped for space flight.During its flight, the piggybacked shuttle will fly relatively low nba live 08 iso pc over Manhattan, with special passes over the Statue of Liberty and the Intrepid, nasa announced.This was the final preparation for the manned captive flight phase.In November 1984 it was ferried to Vandenberg Air Force Base and used as a practice and fit-check verification tool.These were completed in March 1979.Two nasa astronaut crews-Fred Haise and Gordon Fullerton and Joe Engle and Dick Truly-took turns flying the 150,000-pound spacecraft to free-flight landings.
Three manned captive flights that followed the five captive flights included an astronaut crew aboard the orbiter operating its flight control systems while the orbiter remained perched atop the SCA.In the five free flights the astronaut crew separated the spacecraft from the SCA and maneuvered to a landing at Edwards Air Force Base.With nasa's space shuttle Discovery now successfully installed in the Smithsonian, the space agency's next shuttle move on the horizon falls to Enterprise.After the ferry flight tests, OV-101 was returned to the nasa hangar at the Dryden Flight Research Facility and modified for vertical ground vibration tests at the Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, Ala.On April 10, 1979, the Enterprise was ferried to the Kennedy Space Center.For all of the captive flights and the first three free flights, the orbiter was outfitted with a tail cone covering its aft section to reduce aerodynamic drag and turbulence.Then the shuttle will be lowered onto its back and attached via three struts on the jet's fuselage.Udvar-Hazy Center in northern Virginia.During May and June of 1983, Enterprise was ferried to the Paris, France, Air Show, as well crime case games for pc as to Germany, Italy, England and Canada, and was returned to the Dryden Flight Research Facility.
18, 1985, Enterprise was ferried from the Kennedy Space Center to Dulles Airport, Washington,.C., and became the property of the Smithsonian Institution.